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Business Finance 101 – What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

Business Finance 101 – What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

With several months of transactions recorded and bank and credit cards and loans reconciled, an important business finance task each month is use the hidden value in your bookkeeping to get key financial ratios to track how the business is going, to understand your business financial health.

To save time, use the reporting features to generate some key margins and ratios. These are like a report card for your business. The most common to monitor are –

  • Gross profit,
  • Net profit,
  • Current ratio,
  • Quick ratio and
  • Debt to equity ratio.

Use the Profit & Loss statementTip – in MYOB choose with YTD (year to date), or in Reckon/Quickbooks, modify to include the YTD. This will automatically give you a percent column that is the amount of Gross Profit or Net Profit as a percent of the total sales at the top. See our Business Profit and Loss Statement and Profit Margins post for more detail to understand more and how to calculate manually.

Then compare to your peers – Do you know what your industry Gross Margin % is?

Call us and we can give you a guide for FREE!

Use the Balance Sheet to look at the next ratios, which give an indication of the health of your business –

Current Ratio = Total Current Assets / Total Current Liabilities

This confirms whether the business has enough current assets to meet payment of its current debts (current refers to assets and liabilities that will fall due within 12 months). It includes inventory value, as this will be turned over in less than 12 months.

Quick Ratio (Acid Test) = Cash + Receivables/Debtors / Total Current Liabilities

This is like current assets without inventory which can take time to sell if a fire sale is needed, and is mostly the liquid assets. The higher the amount the more “Stable” the business is. That is, the higher it is, the longer the company can stay afloat.

Debt to Equity = Debt/Equity

Divide the amount of debt usually total liabilities) by the equity (owner’s or shareholder’s). the lower the better, but some debt can help you grow and is called leverage – debt can be beneficial, but it must be manageable – higher than 1 can be a warning to keep a close eye and manage the debt carefully. See more

The key is to see that huge value lies in your bookkeeping records! The books are and asset not a liability or expense – they are an invaluable source, so use your bookkeeping to get key financial ratios to track how the business is going.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Call 0407 361 596 Aust and also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia

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MYOB Bookkeeping – MYOB running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

MYOB Bookkeeping – PC running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

Bookkeeping – MYOB running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

Have you found your MYOB is running slow all of a sudden while you are doing the books, or when you came back after a break? Here are some tips that may help –

Win10 –

In the Cortana window, type “Run”

Click the App “Run” in the list

Type “%localappdata%” > OK

Go to the MYOB folder

Go to the AR folder > 2017.1 > Cache folder

Delete all files there “Company File Cache”

Close the window

Then

In the Cortana window, type “Run”

Click the App “Run” in the list

Type “CMD” > OK

At the cursor type “ipconfig /flushdns” (note there is a space after config) > Enter key

Should get a message.. successfully…

Close the window

Then

Restart your PC

Win7

Click the Windows button, lower left corner

In the search box, type “Run”, and continue as above

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

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Business Tips – How Recognition of employees helps your business and should be the TOP priority

Business Tips – How Recognition of employees helps your business and should be the TOP priority

Business Tips – How Recognition of employees helps your business and should be the TOP priority

Recognition of Employees should be a top priority of your business – both for the benefit of them and for the business health and happiness! Here are some findings from research and authorities – around the globe and Australia (our emphasis added) –

Stuart Hearn at business.com writes – A recent workplace study conducted by Clear Review, a performance review software system, found the number one workplace frustration to be a lack of appreciation regarding effort and performance. A remarkable 40 percent of employees, from a diverse range of fields and positions, stated that employee recognition was simply not a priority in their business, something that limited their motivation to truly excel.

We have known for a long time that employee recognition is a critical aspect of performance management. As a result, many companies make it a point to acknowledge employee performance during monthly check-ins. But how can employee recognition benefit a company? And how can you give your employees the appreciation they deserve?

Employee recognition improves engagement levels

Many sources will attest to the fact that recognition is a fundamental human need. In order to feel engaged at work, we need to know that what we are doing actually matters, and that it is appreciated. Without this knowledge, employees consider their role purposeless, and employee engagement levels within your organization will plummet. In fact, recognition has consistently been shown to be a top engagement driver. If, however, you dedicate time and resources toward developing an employee recognition program, employees will become more loyal and positive toward their company.

To further demonstrate the effect of recognition on employee engagement, we can look to the following facts and figures:

  • Businesses that spend as little as 1 percent of payroll on recognition have a 79 percent greater likelihood of seeing more positive financial results.

 

An Australian Company, Red Balloon, performs quarterly surveys and in one report finds –

There are six basics or standards required to deliver on expectations and start to engage a workforce; our suggestion is that organisations that do not include these activities as part of their engagement mix stand little chance of breaking past average levels of engagement.

  • Training and Development Programs
  • Recognition Programs
  • Non-Cash Rewards & Incentives

Training and Development is of particular interest as organisations that do not invest in it are highly unlikely to have an employee engagement score of over 40.

  • Parental Leave
  • Time off for Study
  • Flexible Working Arrangements

These last three activities are core ingredients of engagement because organisations scoring <40% are just as likely to invest in them as 80%+ organisations. Investing in them is now a standard that has little uplift in terms of engagement scores but would definitely have a negative effect if not invested in or taken away once they were in place.

What are your thoughts and experience?

Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / Strategy session today!

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Business Tax Tips – Managing Small Business Taxes and Obligations

Business Tax Tips – Managing Small Business Taxes and Obligations

Managing Small Business Taxes and Obligations

Running a small business has many extra requirements – one of the most important is planning for reporting and managing small business taxes. Here are tips for the ATO – Australian Tax Office, to get you organised –

Reporting and paying tax

As soon as you start up your business, you need to plan for how you will pay the tax you will owe each year when you lodge your tax return.

Paying tax in your first year

In your first year of business, you can stay on top of your obligations by:

  • making tax pre-payments into your tax bill account;
  • putting money aside for your expected tax bill;
  • voluntarily entering into instalments.

See also:

Paying tax by instalments

Once you lodge your first income tax return and report a tax-payable amount above a certain threshold, you will automatically enter the pay-as-you-go (PAYG) instalment system.

If you voluntarily enter into instalments prior to lodgment of your first tax return, you will be able to make quarterly payments towards you tax bill.

See also:

Reporting

Once you’re up and running, you’ll need to report your business income and other tax information. The key reports you should be aware of are:

  • Business Activity Statement (BAS) –

    • the main taxes you will report on will be GST (if you’re registered for GST)
    • any tax you withhold from employees’ pay
    • instalments towards your own tax once you are in the pay as you go instalments system;
  • Income tax return  
    • to report your personal and business income and claim deductions.

Most of your business reporting can be done online.

Next steps:

Get a FREE 30 min answer to your query, and FREE ongoing email or phone support – No-one offers as much! Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

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Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Business Tax Tips / Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Business Tax Tips / Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Client emailedOur Company bought 2 cars  –

  • Holden Cruze for $16,700.00 includes GST/stamp duty/transfer fee          
  • Barina for $12,888.00

We traded in the company car – Holden Commodore for $3000 and the wife’s car for $1500. Daniel has not claimed the $1500 but gave it to the business.

Now both ’new’ cars belong to the company.

Invoice for Holden Cruze is $16,700.00

The $4,500 trade in was netted out of the purchase of the Barina so the invoice is

($12,888- $4,500) $8,388.00 net.

We have in our accounts:-

MV @ cost                             18539.37

MV Accum Depn                  15412.00

Please advise. Thank you.

How to EnterTo keep things simple, we need to set up some new accounts (“NA”) for each motor vehicle, and new accounts for the loans on each car – it is then easiest to leave the final reconciliation and adjustments to your accountant year end.

I assume the 2 MV accounts are only for the Commodore and no other cars. It is good practice to create new accounts for EACH vehicle so the accountant can reconcile at year end with ease!

Separate the Rego (and Insur if included in the deal) from the $16,700 (or you can leave for accountant at year end to pick up).

AKP Case Study*Is the Loan a Chattel Mortgage? – Can mention type of loan in account name as well

Monthly payments – for simplicity, allocate from bank to NA Liability MVeh Loan Fin Co Name (the new finance account).

The old car accounts – Asset MVehicle @ Cost Commodore, and the MV Accum Dep can be left for the accountant to calculate and adjust at year end, in case there are other adjustments he needs to do.

For other examples of entering MV assets in the accounts, see –

Quickbooks – How to go about setting Chattel Mortgage up and accounting for the monthly payments in Quickbooks.

Another Asset Example – How to enter assets in the books

How do I show liabilities for the total borrowed including interest, not just the principle/asset amount?

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

0407 361 596 Aust

Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

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Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

The Cashflow Statement is also called the Statement of Cashflows, and here we explain the meaning of, and look at what the statement shows us. It is one of the 3 main financial statements that businesses report on – the other 2 are Profit & Loss, and the Balance Sheet.

The cash flow statement reports the actual cash generated and used during the time interval stated in its heading. The period of time that the statement covers is chosen by the company, for example, “For the Three Months Ended 31 December, 2015” or “The Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2016”. Most common is annual.

The cash flow statement actually uses data and the CHANGES between periods from the Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet, and organises and reports the cash generated and used in the following categories:

Operating, Investing and Financial activities

Business Cash Flow

What the Cashflow Statement shows

The profit & loss or Income Statement is prepared under the accrual basis of accounting, meaning the sales/revenues reported may not have been collected yet. Similarly, the expenses reported on the income statement might not have been paid. You could review the balance sheet changes to determine the facts, but the cash flow statement already has integrated all that information. As a result, savvy business people and investors utilize this important financial statement.

Here are a few ways the statement of cash flows is used.

  1. The cash from operating activities is compared to the company’s net income (profit/loss). If the cash from operating activities is consistently greater than the net income, the company’s net income or earnings are said to be of a “high quality“. If the cash from operating activities is less than net income, a red flag is raised as to why the reported net income is not turning into cash.
  2. Some investors believe that “cash is king”. The cash flow statement identifies the cash that is flowing in and out of the company. If a company is consistently generating more cash than it is using, the company will be able to increase its dividend, buy back some of its stock, reduce debt, or acquire another company. All of these are seen to be good for shareholder value.
  3. There are also some financial models that use the cash flow.

The statement of cash flows has four distinct sections:

  1. Cash generated from operating activities
  2. Cash generated from investing activities
  3.  Cash generated from financing activities
  4. Supplemental information.

The differences in a company’s balance sheet accounts from one period to the next, will provide much of the needed information. The changes—or differences—in the account balances will likely be entered in one of the sections of the statement of cash flows.

Of the four sections of the statement of cash flows, those balance sheet accounts which affect each section include –

1. Operating Activities

This section reports the net income and then converts it from the accrual basis to the cash basis by using the changes in the balances of current asset and current liability accounts, such as:

  • Accounts Receivable
  • Inventory
  • Prepaid Insurance
  • Other Current Assets
  • Notes Payable
  • Accounts Payable
  • Wages Payable
  • Payroll Liabilities
  • Interest Payable
  • Income Taxes Payable
  • Unearned Revenues
  • Other Current Liabilities

Note – as well as using the changes in current assets and current liabilities, the operating activities section may list adjustments for depreciation expense and for the gains and losses on the sale of long-term assets/investments.

2. Investing Activities

This section reports changes in the balances of long-term asset accounts, such as:

  • Long-term Investments
  • Land
  • Buildings
  • Equipment
  • Furniture & Fixtures
  • Vehicles

Investing activities involve the purchase and/or sale of long-term investments and property, plant, and equipment.

3. Financing Activities

This section reports changes in balances of the long-term liability and stockholders’ equity accounts, such as:

  • Notes Payable (generally due after one year)
  • Bonds Payable
  • Deferred Income Taxes
  • Preferred Stock
  • Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par-Preferred Stock
  • Common Stock
  • Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par-Common Stock
  • Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock
  • Retained Earnings
  • Treasury Stock

Financing activities involve the issuance and/or the repurchase of a company’s own bonds or shares as well as short-term and long-term borrowings and repayments.

4. Supplemental Information

This section of the cash flow statement reports the amount of interest and income taxes paid as well as significant exchanges not involving cash. For example, the exchange of company shares for company bonds would be reported here.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

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Business Tips – 21 best business advice tips for success by small business owners who are killing it – news.com.au

Business Tips – 21 best business advice tips for success by small business owners who are killing it – news.com.au

21 best business advice tips for success by small business owners who are killing it – news.com.au

Here are 21 great business tips to get your enthusiasm back and get you focused on what you want to achieve in your business, by Emma Reynolds at news.com.au

STARTING a small business is a dream for many Australians, but it can be daunting.

Here, entrepreneurs who are killing it in a range of industries share their best piece of advice for making your company a success.

1. Deliver a consistent customer experience

Damian Cerini, owner of cycling tour business Tour de Vines, says you need your business to almost run itself before you look at growth. “The thing about working for an employer is that the business model is already set, it’s about the execution of the idea, whereas a new business is about testing the idea first and developing the systems.”

2. Add a personal touch

Angus Askew, co-director of commercial asset financing company Magnolia Lane Financial Services, says: “In our industry like most service industries everyone is essentially selling the same thing, you’ve just got to do it better. Our number one goal when dealing with a new client is to establish a relationship and make them feel special. Make sure you are remembered. We make it our priority to see all of our customers face to face. Create a rapport as this is what will result in repeat business and an income stream for life.”

3. Leverage social media

A strong marketing strategy is essential in every industry, says Anthony Kittel, director of manufacturing firm REDARC. That means social networking — on LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram, Facebook or all of the above. “Our brand is everything, so whatever we can do to promote that brand and consumer awareness is critical.”

21 tips Kelly Exeter

Author and Flying Solo editor Kelly Exeter says a less frantic life made her more productive.

4. Write your own business bible

Matthew White, whose firm Ergoflex sells memory foam mattresses, says the volume of information available can be overwhelming. He recommends writing ideas and tips in a notebook or tablet as they come up. “It has helped me make some major decisions, and also saved me hours of searching for something I’ve read somewhere.”

5. Focus on your specialty

In the first few years, there can be a lot of pressure to diversify your offering, says Paris Cutler, director of cake decorating company Planet Cake. “Stick to what you do best and do it better and with more focus than anyone else.”

6. Outsource the things you don’t do

Resist the temptation to chase work outside your offering, and use a specialist to fill in any gaps, says Rhys Roberts from accountancy firm Viridity. “I outsource my HR, my IT, much of my marketing and more. The time you free up you can spend doing what you are good at.”

7. Aim high and be persistent

Determination is one of the vital qualities needed when you start on the long road of setting up a small business. Rochelle Miller, co-founder of fashion retailer Another Love, says: “Believe in yourself and your strengths. Don’t take ‘no’ for an answer. There will be bumps along the way, but everything has a solution or another option.”

21 tips Andrew Griffiths

Consultant Andrew Griffiths thinks about ways to improve his business each day.

8. Embrace a life less frantic

Kelly Exeter, author and editor of small business community Flying Solo says it’s all about finding the right balance for you. “I am learning that I don’t just need physical space to thrive, I need mental space too.”

9. Follow your own path

Designer and illustrator Beci Orpin says she’s not naturally business-minded, but has always worked really hard and built up a strong folio of work. “My business is all about me: my style and what I create, so an important part of developing that was staying true to myself — not worrying about what other people were doing.”

10. Take time out to think about how to improve

Use your best hour in the day to consider ways of moving forward, advises Andrew Griffiths, a small business author and consultant. He does this first thing every morning. Then, each Friday, “I find a quiet place and ask myself a question: ‘How is my business better this week than it was last week?’”

11. Harness your ‘keystone habits’

Entrepreneur and blogger James Clear says we should find the one or two habits or routines that make everything else fall into place. “Improving your lifestyle and becoming the type of person who ‘has their act together’ isn’t nearly as hard as you might think.”

21 tips Kathryn Hocking

Life coach Kathryn Hocking researches what competitors are doing.

12. Practice mindfulness

Freelance journalist and editor Jodie Macleod says it increases productivity, reduces stress and improves memory and focus. “Mindfulness is when you are aware of your thoughts, feelings, sensations, breath and everything occurring in the present moment, without attaching judgment to those observations.”

13. Every setback is a stepping stone to success

Lucinda Lions from branding agency Slogan Creator says it’s important to stay positive wherever possible, and see feedback, not failure. “I remind myself tomorrow is a brand new day, a new opportunity to think differently and make better choices.”

14. Hire from within your networks

When Sarah Wilson from I Quit Sugarbegan feeling overwhelmed with work, she decided to get an assistant. She put a call out to her community, knowing taking someone on would involve sacrifice. Five years later, they still have a successful working relationship. “Start out small and then leave the invitation open for expansion.”

15. Keep it manageable

Kate James, start-up coach at Total Balance, says it’s important to remember that it’s not all about non-stop growth — bigger isn’t better if you’ve stopped enjoying what you do. “You need to define your own version of success. Mine is that I need to love my business.”

21 tips Sarah Wilson

Sarah Wilson says you need to know when to ask for help.Source:Supplied

16. Know when to work for free

Vanessa Emilio from Legal123, says sometimes working for free is worth it. “‘Free’ doesn’t mean offering an entire job or product for free. It could mean a free initial consultation, free component of a project or complimentary muffin with every coffee.”

17. Stay excited and believe in your business

SEO copywriter and consultant Kate Toon says start-ups should think about clients’ needs and possible issues and create rational responses to persuade them your business is the solution. “Inject warmth, professionalism and even humour, where appropriate. Being human beats boring every time.”

18. Learn to say no

Recognise when a client has unrealistic expectations and nip it in the bud early, or consider referring them on, says author and media commentator Andrew Griffiths.

Try a formal, structured response and keep returning to it. Try, “Thank you for the opportunity, but we are so heavily committed we can’t give your project the time and attention it needs.”

19. Create fans

If you’re on a tight marketing budget, think about how you can trigger word-of-mouth interest. Warren Harmer of The Business Plan Company mentions a small florist that did this brilliantly by 1) Offering quality; 2) Providing value; 3) Inspiring team members to love their job and clients and 4) Creating a physical environment that excited their market.

20. Turn competition into inspiration

Life coach Kathryn Hocking suggests you research what competitors are doing to help identify what makes you unique. Your relationship doesn’t have to be adversarial: they could be a mentor, partner or friend. “Focus on your own purpose and connect with peers that have similar values and who inspire you to greater levels of success.”

21. Know when to take a ‘dream detour’

Sometimes it’s hard to know whether to grab a fresh opportunity or stick to your path. Business mentor Lynda Bayada says you need to outsmart your head so you can listen to your heart. “Give yourself space and trust yourself. And you’ll find that’s half the battle won.”

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