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Business Tax Tips –GST Error Correction – How to put it right

Business Tax Tips –GST Error Correction – How to put it right

Business Tax Tips –GST Error Correction – How to put it right

On the Australian Tax Office (ATO) website has information on what to do when you find you have a GST error correction to make – and how to put it right in a way that is easier than revising a prior statement, as well as you can save penalties (see!… the ATO is really NOT your business enemy!)

Correcting GST Errors –

If you make a mistake (that fits the definition of a GST error) when reporting GST on an activity statement, you can correct that error on a later activity statement if you meet certain conditions.

The benefit of correcting a GST error on a later activity statement is that you will not be liable for any penalties or general interest charge (GIC) for that error.

Generally, it is easier to correct a GST error on a later activity statement than to revise an earlier activity statement. Revising an earlier activity statement that contains an error can incur penalties or GIC.

Here are a series of links about correcting GST errors –

o    options for correcting an error

o    definition of a GST error

o    types of GST errors

o    correcting credit errors

o    correcting debit errors

o    how to make corrections on a later activity statement

o    when a credit or debit error cannot be corrected on a later activity statement

o    what is not a GST error

o    example of correcting GST errors on a later activity statement

o    record keeping

o    more information.

Get a FREE 30 min answer to your query, and FREE ongoing email or phone support – No-one offers as much! Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

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Business Finance 101 – Current Ratio – What is it and what does it show?

Current Ratio – What is it and what does it show?

Business Finance 101 – Current Ratio – What is it and what does it show?

There are several financial ratios including the current ratio which shows the proportion of current assets to current liabilities. The current ratio is known an indicator of a company’s liquidity. Put in another way, it shows when there is a large amount of current assets in relationship to a small amount of current liabilities there is some assurance that the obligations coming due will be paid.
As an example if a company’s current assets are $500,000 and its current liabilities are $250,000 the current ratio is 2:1. If the current assets are $600,000 and the current liabilities are $500,000 the current ratio is 1.2 : 1. Clearly a larger current ratio is better than a smaller ratio in comparison to current liability. Generally, a current ratio that is less than 1:1 indicates insolvency, and the preference is at least 2:1, or over 2.
When benchmarking a company, or comparing your own, it is wise to compare a company’s current ratio to those in the same industry. It is also worth keeping a close look at the trend of the current ratio for a given company over time. Is the current ratio improving over time, or is it deteriorating?
The composition of the current assets is also an important factor. If the current assets are predominantly in cash, marketable securities, and accounts receivable, that is more valuable than having the majority of the current assets in slow-moving inventory.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

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Business Finance 101 – What is Equity?

Business Finance 101 – What is Equity?

Business Finance 101 – What is Equity?

I am asked at times – what is equity? If we deduct Liabilities from the Assets of the Business (at cost value), we are left with Equity. These are listed in the Balance Sheet financial statement. Another way is –

ASSETS – LIABILITIES = EQUITY

Equity is also sometimes used to refer to as ownership of shares in a company.

In a company Balance Sheet it is the amount of money contributed by the owners/share/stock-holders PLUS the Retained Earnings (Profit/Loss of past years).

Also note – because assets like plant and equipment are entered at their COST amount (less GST) the MARKET value of the asset is not represented, unless an adjustment is made (by journal) to reflect change of value (and increase or decrease of asset value are then balanced in a special sale or cost of sale asset account). Hence the Company Market Value may not be the true Market Value, unless the adjustment has been made.

Equity can be called Owner’s Equity – for Sole Proprietors, or Shareholder/Stockholder Equity for a company (usually with more than one director).

Owner’s Equity may consist of several accounts –

1.     Capital

2.     Drawings and

3.     Current Year Net Income/Earnings

Shareholder Equity may consist of accounts such as –

1.   Paid-In Capital

  • Preferred Stock
  • Common Stock
  • Paid-In Capital in Excess of Par Value
  • Treasury Stock (stock re-purchased from shareholders)

2.   Retained Earnings/Net Income 

3.   Less Treasury Stock

Equity is also used in several important ratios that help determine financial health of the business, such as Debt to Equity and Return on Equity.

Need help? Not sure?

Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today! 0407 361 596

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Business Tax Tips – Small Business Tax Breaks To Help Your Business – 2017-18 Budget

Business Tax Tips – Small Business Tax Breaks To Help Your Business – 2017-18 Budget

Small Business Tax Breaks To Help Your Business – 2017-18 Budget

There are (still proposed) small business tax breaks to help your business soon to be finalised. From the ATO website, here are details of proposed changes to tax and superannuation legislation and policy, and how the ATO proposes to administer the changes. From the ATO website –

Budget 2017–18

The Government handed down the 2017–18 Budget on 9 May 2017, with several proposed changes to tax and superannuation laws. Below is a list of the announced measures. You can access the Budget papers here: budget.gov.au

The Treasury Laws Amendment (Enterprise Tax Plan) Bill 2016External Link has been passed by both houses, but is not yet law. The proposed Bill will do the following:

In the 2016–17 Budget, the Government announced that it intended to progressively reduce the corporate tax rate from 30 per cent to 25 per cent. These changes were outlined in the Enterprise Tax Plan 2016 Bill. Amendments were made to this Bill by the Senate on 31 March 2017. The amendments were accepted by the Government and received Royal Assent on 19 May 2017.

Treasury Laws Amendment (Enterprise Tax Plan No. 2) Bill 2017 was introduced to the House of Representatives on 11 May 2017 to increase the scope of which corporate entities would be eligible for the lower corporate tax rate in future years.

The corporate tax rate is reduced from 28.5% to 27.5% for the 2016–17 income year for small business entities. The aggregated turnover threshold to qualify as a small business has been increased from $2 million to $10 million.

In 2017–18 the threshold increases from $10 million to $25 million and in 2018–19 to $50 million. From 2017–18, corporate entities eligible for the lower tax rate will be known as base rate entities, i.e. the small business definition will remain at $10 million from 2017–18 onwards while the base rate entity threshold will continue to rise. Click for more info.

In the 2016-17 Budget, the Government announced an increase to the small business entity turnover threshold from $2 million to $10 million. From 1 July 2016, business with a turnover of less than $10 million will be able to access a range of concessions which are currently only available to business entities with a turnover of less than $2 million.

The current $2 million turnover threshold will be retained for access to the small business capital gains tax concessions.

Access to the unincorporated small business tax discount will be limited to entities with turnover less than $5 million.

We will accept tax returns as lodged during the period up until the outcome of the proposed amendment is known. Once the outcome of the proposed amendment is known taxpayers will need to review their positions back to their 2016-17 income year.

For what to do if the law is enacted or if it is not, click here

In the 2016–17 Budget, the Government announced an increase to the tax discount for unincorporated small businesses incrementally over 10 years from 5 per cent to 16 per cent.

From 1 July 2016, the tax discount will increase to 8 per cent, remain constant at 8 per cent for eight years, then increase to 10 per cent in 2024–25, 13 per cent in 2025–26 and reach a new permanent discount of 16 per cent in 2026–27.

The increases will coincide with staggered cuts in the corporate tax rate for certain entities to 25 per cent. The current cap of $1,000 per individual for each income year will be retained.

The tax discount applies to the income tax payable on the business income received from an unincorporated small business entity. The discount is provided by way of a small business income tax offset which you claim in your individual tax return.

From 1 July 2016, the discount will be extended to individual taxpayers with business income from an unincorporated business that has an aggregated annual turnover of less than $5 million.

Administrative treatment

The ATO will accept all tax returns as lodged during the period up until the law change is passed by Parliament.

What to do if the law is passed or not, click here.

For a list of all the Measures, click here.

Get a FREE 30 min answer to your query, and FREE ongoing email or phone support – No-one offers as much! Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

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Business Tax Tips – 14 End of Financial Year 2017 tips to PREPARE for 30 June! Time to ACT NOW!

Business Tax Tips – 14 End of Financial Year 2016 tips to PREPARE for 30 June! Time to ACT NOW!

14 End of Financial Year 2016 tips to PREPARE for 30 June! Time to ACT NOW!

Time to plan for a good finish for EOFY and here are 14 tips to get started and prepare for 30 June.

1. Consider the ideal timing for asset sales

If you are thinking of selling a profitable asset this financial year, but are likely to earn a lower income in the next year, it may be worth postponing the sale until after 30 June; however, if you expect an income windfall or higher from 1 July, it may be worth bringing the sale forward. As always, your decisions depends on your expectations for future asset prices, so don’t postpone a sale for tax purposes if you are expecting your investment to fall in value! Ask your Tax advisor.

2. Delay sales invoicing if in profit

Most businesses are taxed on income when it is invoiced (accrual). Some small businesses may be taxed only when income is received (cash basis). Income from construction contracts is generally taxed when progress payments are invoiced or received. If you are making a good profit (which is good if you want to sell) and want to reduce business tax, it may help to delay invoicing the June work until July, after 30 June – talk to your tax advisor for your situation.

3. Accounts receivable – write off by 30 June

If you have clients that have closed or all manner of collection has failed – sometimes it is best to move on and write off. Keep looking for better clients!

4. Spouse and family wages

Paying family must be reasonable and legitimate for work performed.

5. Super liabilities

Employer and/or self-employed superannuation contributions must be paid to, and received by, the super fund before 30 June and must be within the contributions cap ($35,000 for individuals aged 49 or over on 30 June 2016, otherwise $30,000)

6. Depreciation – Accelerated Write off – up to $20,000

The accelerated depreciation write-off for assets up to $20,000 acquired by small businesses was announced in the May 2015 budget and is available to June 30, 2017. The write off threshold was previously $1,000 and the concession only applies to businesses in 2016/17 with an aggregate annual turnover of less than $2 million. As a boost for small businesses, the Government will extend access to a number of small business tax concessions by increasing the annual turnover eligibility threshold from $2m to $10m. These measures will apply from July 1, 2016.

7. Pre-pay income protection premiums 

If you are a self-employed director or self-employed, income protection insurance provides peace of mind about the security of your income in the event you are unable to work due to illness or injury. Premiums for this insurance are generally tax deductible; prepaying your annual premium prior to 30 June will allow you to claim a full year of cover in advance as a tax deduction.

8. Get a super top up from the government

If you earn $35,454 – $51,021 pa, of which at least 10% is from employment or a business, and make a personal after-tax super contribution, you could qualify for a Government co-contribution of up to $500. 

9. Boost your partner’s super and reduce your tax

If you have a spouse who earns less than $10,800 pa, consider making an after-tax super contribution on their behalf, and you could receive a tax offset of up to $540.

10. Use super to manage capital gains tax

If you make a capital gain on the sale of an asset this financial year and earn less than 10% of your income from eligible employment, you may be able to claim a tax deduction for a contribution to superannuation, which could reduce or offset your capital gain. You will need to be eligible to contribute to superannuation (which means you are under the age of 65, or under 75 and meeting the work test (2017 now abolished), and be comfortable having your contribution preserved in super until you meet a condition of release (eg retirement decision).

11. Make tax deductible super contributions

If you earn less than 10% of your income from eligible employment (eg you are self-employed or not employed), you are generally able to claim a tax deduction for personal contributions to superannuation. As with super, you will need to be eligible to contribute to superannuation (which means you are under the age of 65, or under 75 and meeting the work test), and be comfortable having your contribution preserved in super until you meet a condition of release (eg retirement). If you claim a deduction for it, the contribution you make will be taxed at 15% in your super fund, so your tax saving will be the difference between your marginal rate and 15% – which could be up to 34%.

12. Review your portfolio

Review your portfolio and consider a strategic re-allocation of your investments. Consider portfolio allocations – is your portfolio heavily over- or underweight in specific industry sectors or stocks? Are you continuing to carry stocks that have exceeded your price targets or continue to under-perform – this may be an opportunity to re-balance. If you have an SMSF, now is the time to ensure your fund is invested in line with your documented investment strategy – your auditor will be confirming this after 1 July.

13. Offset capital gains with capital losses 

Generally, if you have incurred capital losses on your investments, you are able to offset these capital losses against any capital gains you have made. You can also use losses you have carried forward from previous years. Remember, income losses can only be offset against income; capital losses can only be offset against capital gains.

14. Best tip of all

Get advice specific to your business and situation that considers your personal position – both go together!

If you need a referral, call me – 0407 361 596 – plan NOW don’t delay!

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Call 0407 361 596 Aust and also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!


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Business Finance 101 – COS or COGS – Cost of Sales or Cost of Goods Sold – What it means

Business Finance 101 – COS or COGS – Cost of Sales or Cost of Goods Sold – What it means

COS or COGS – Cost of Sales or Cost of Goods Sold – What it means

Cost of Sales (COS) or Cost of goods sold (COGS) is the cost of the product that was sold to customers. It includes the cost of materials and direct labour used to produce the goods ready to sell. The cost of goods sold is reported on the profit and loss at the time/period the sales revenues of the goods sold are reported.

A retailer’s cost of goods sold includes the cost from its supplier plus any additional costs necessary to get the product into inventory and ready for sale. For example, a store purchases a book from a publisher. If the cost from the publisher is $60 plus $5 in delivery costs, the store reports $65 in its Inventory account until the book is sold. When the book is sold, the $65 is removed from inventory and is reported as cost of goods sold on the profit and loss.

COGS is usually the largest expense on the profit and loss of a company selling products or goods. Cost of Goods Sold are deducted from the sales/revenue.

Cost of goods sold is calculated in full, as follows:

Cost of beginning inventory + cost of goods purchased (net of any return stock) + freight-in – cost of ending inventory.

This account balance or this calculated amount will be deducted from the sales amount on the income statement, leaving a Gross Profit.

Get a FREE 30 min answer to your query, and FREE ongoing email or phone support – No-one offers as much! Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

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Xero – Handling Overpayments in Xero

Xero – Handling Overpayments in Xero

Handling Overpayments in Xero

From the Xero blog, here is how to handle overpayments in Xero and resolve them –

Overpayments can be challenging at times, or even forgotten. There are some easy ways to handle overpayments within Xero.

Let’s take a look at a few ways we can record an overpayment and apply this to an invoice/bill or refund it directly. In Xero, the term “invoice” relates to a sale, and a “bill” relates to a purchase. I’ve only referred to invoices below, but these processes relate to both.

To Record (handle) an Overpayment, you can either:

  • Simply enter the amount paid directly onto the invoice, and if the amount exceeds your invoice total, Xero will automatically calculate an Overpayment transaction.
  • Create an Overpayment Receive Money / Spend Money transaction in your bank account
  • During reconciliation, create an Overpayment Receive Money / Spend Money transaction

Allocate or Refund an Overpayment (Resolve the overpayment)

Once the Overpayment transaction has been entered into Xero, a cash refund can be recorded or you can allocate the overpaid amount to an invoice for the same Contact in Xero.

  • The Allocate option will appear in the Overpayment Options drop down menu while viewing your Overpayment transaction.
  • If a contact has a new invoice you created Xero will ask if you wish to allocate the overpaid amount against this invoice.
  • You can record Cash Refunds on the Overpayment directly and then reconcile them with your Bank Statement line.

(XERO) have some great Help Centre pages that step through Overpayments in Xero. You can check them out here, and call us for help!

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today! 0407 361 596 Aust

***BEFORE you BUYAsk us for a competitive software price BELOW retail – No obligation!

You also get FREE 30 min to assist in setting up your company in the software, and FREE ongoing email or phone support – no-one offers as much!

Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia