Training you – Solving Problems – Or We do your books for you! For Business owners and fellow bookkeepers!

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Business Finance 101 – How does the Cashflow Statement Work – Overview for Business Owners

Business Finance 101 – How does the Cashflow Statement Work - Overview for Business Owners

How does the Cashflow Statement Work – Overview for Business Owners

There are 2 popular financial statements that are commonly given for a business – a profit & loss or income statement, a balance sheet or statement of position, but rarely used is the cashflow statement (or statement of cash flows). The purpose of the cashflow statement is to highlight the major activities that directly and indirectly impact cash flows and hence affect the overall cash for the business.

Business owners usually know by “feel” what their cash flow is like, and they should monitor cash for a very good reason – without a sufficient cash balance at the right time, a company can miss golden opportunities or may even fall into bankruptcy. 

The cash flow statement answers questions that cannot be answered by the income statement and a balance sheet. For example a statement of cash flows can be used to answer questions like where did the company get the cash to pay dividend of nearly $14,000 in a year in which, according to profit & loss / income statement, it lost more than $10,000?

The cashflow statement is a valuable analytical tool for business managers as well as for investors and creditors, although managers tend to be more concerned with forecasted statements of cash flows that are prepared as a part of the budgeting process. The statement of cash flows can be used to answer crucial questions such as the following:

  1. Is the company generating sufficient positive cash flows from its ongoing operations to remain viable?
  2. Will the company be able to repay its debts?
  3. Will the company be able to pay its usual dividends?
  4. Why is there a difference between net profit/income and net cash flow for the year?
  5. To what extent will the company have to borrow money in order to make needed investments?

For the statement of cash flows to be useful, it is important to use a common definition of cash. It is also important that a statement be constructed using consistent guidelines for identifying activities that are sources of cash and uses of cash. The proper definition of cash is broadly defined to include both cash and cash equivalents.

Cash equivalents (applicable more for large companies) include short term, highly liquid investments such as treasury bills, commercial paper and money market funds that are made solely for the purpose of generating a return on temporary idle funds. Instead of simply holding cash, most large companies invest their excess cash reserves in these types of interest bearing assets that can be easily converted into cash. These short term liquid investments are usually included in marketable securities on the balance sheet. Since such assets are equivalent to cash, they are included with cash in preparing a statement of cash flows

The 3 sections of cash flow statement (each has an inflow and outflow section):

Business Finance 101 – How does the Cashflow Statement Work – Overview for Business Owners

How does the Cashflow Statement Work – Overview for Business Owners

Operating Activities: (mostly income statement / profit & loss)

Operating activities shows the cash effects of transactions such as –

  • cash receipts from sales of goods and services and
  • cash payments to suppliers and employees for acquisition of inventory, taxes, interest on loans

Investing Activities: (mostly long term assets)

Investing activities generally show long term assets (and sometimes debt/equity securities) which include –

  • sale/disposing of plant, equipment
  • sale of debt or equity securities
  • acquiring plant and equipment
  • acquiring debt or equity securities

Financing Activities: (mostly long term liabilities and equity)

Financing activities involve liability and stock holder’s equity items and include obtaining cash from creditors and repaying the amounts borrowed and obtaining capital from owners and providing them with a return on, and a return of, their investment.

  • Increase in debt / loans taken on
  • Payment/redemption of debt facilities / loans
  • Dividends paid

Next month we will work through an example

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Business Finance 101– 5 End of Financial Year tax tips 2018

Business Finance 101– 5 End of Financial Year tax tips 2018

5 End of Financial Year tax tips 2018

Time to plan for a good finish for EOFY and here are 5 tips to get started and prepare for 30 June.

1. Consider the ideal timing for asset sales

If you are thinking of selling a profitable asset this financial year, but are likely to earn a lower income in the next year, it may be worth postponing the sale until after 30 June, as the sale is income, less the original cost. However, if you expect an income windfall from 1 July, it may be worth bringing the sale forward. As always, your decisions depend on your expectations for future asset prices, so don’t postpone a sale for tax purposes if you are expecting your investment to fall in value!

2. Pre-pay investment loan interest 

If you have (or are considering establishing) a geared investment portfolio, you can pre-pay 12 months’ interest on your investment loan and claim the cost as a tax deduction in the current financial year.  This can assist to manage cashflow more efficiently, and potentially reduce your income tax liability this financial year.

3. Pre-pay income protection premiums 

If you are employed or self-employed, income protection insurance provides peace of mind about the security of your income in the event you are unable to work due to illness or injury. Premiums for this insurance are generally tax deductible; prepaying your annual premium prior to 30 June will allow you to claim a full year of cover in advance as a tax deduction.

4. Review your debtors and creditors

Review your accounts receivable / trade debtors – who is taking the longest to pay – is debt-collection failing – consider if it is simplest to write off (reverse) the sale and move on with more Profitable clients and prospects. Likewise – who do you owe? Can you pay them by end of year to tidy up your accounts – or if you are struggling – can you negotiate longer terms to keep things open with suppliers and keep the relationship going?

5. Offset capital gains with capital losses 

Generally, if you have incurred capital losses on your investments, you are able to offset these capital losses against any capital gains you have made. You can also use losses you have carried forward from previous years. Remember, income losses can only be offset against income; capital losses can only be offset against capital gains.

DOWNLOAD a FREE “Bookkeeping Quarter Checklist” to get organised! CLICK HERE

Or ask a question – Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia


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Business Tips – Consistency in Marketing – Having an overall consistent message in marketing

Business Tips – Consistency in Marketing – Having an overall consistent message in marketing

Consistency in Marketing – Having an overall consistent message in marketing

Like most business owners, you needs clients, but having consistency in marketing is hard when you find you can’t stop to get them! It feels like you’re being pulled in many different directions (both personally and professionally) that you can’t find the time to have an overall consistent message in marketing.

When it comes to marketing, what is most effective for businesses these days? It used to be you could pay a lump of money annually (or break it into monthly payments) for a Yellow Pages ad and the phone would ring. Or attending a local networking event from time to time. But things have changed. There are so many choices, and advertising doesn’t really seem to work anymore, at least not in the traditional way. Most of us are not outgoing and hate the idea of reaching out and “selling” our services .

So, for many, the marketing just doesn’t happen.

Problem – Yet we know it’s necessary to market our business to build and grow a stable income and reach our goals. But given the time and budget limitations, how can we get past the marketing hurdle?

Answer – Do small consistent tasks that don’t take much time. When you approach it this way, you’ll actually get BETTER results!

In this age of online technology, doing small actions consistently is one of the BEST ways to get and keep your marketing rolling to consistently attract new clients and grow your business.

Some quick and effective things to do that you can spread out over a week, ONE per DAY. And then repeat the process!

  • Create / Update Your LinkedIn Profile – This is a most powerful social media profile you can have for your business. Get it done one chunk at a time.
  • List your business in one new online business directory – These get picked up by the search engines and you never know who will find you this way. Most are free or low cost. Be sure to include a key benefit you have to offer that sets you apart from your competition. This works for both local and virtual bookkeepers.
  • Make one or two phone calls per day to a present or past client – The point here is to talk to someone just to warm up the connection and let them know you are available if they have a need. This also works for connecting with colleagues, strategic networking partners, and any business connections you have or want to establish.
  • Update your Association/Industry profile – If you’re a Certified X (your industry) (or have a listing in any other type of certification or partner program directory) update or improve your profile information so it is appealing to potential clients who see it. Maybe make a special offer that is time sensitive.
  • Making connections in  Social Media like Twitter – Start following people you would like to make a real connection with. Then start sharing (tweeting) helpful information that would be useful to the type of clients you want to attract. Ultimately, you will want to be spending a little time on Twitter daily, if possible.

Getting the word out about your services so it can reach the customer/clients who need your help can be a lot of work, but the load is much lighter when you can approach it just one small action at a time. When it becomes a habit, you will build a true, rock-solid business as a result.

Marketing is not something that should be done all at once and then stop when you get too busy.

Try out this simple daily plan above, and see if it works for you.

Do you already have a daily marketing routine that works well for you? Tell us your tips!

DOWNLOAD a FREE “Bookkeeping Quarter Checklist” to get organised! CLICK HERE

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia


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Business Tips – Borrow or loan? Pay cash or finance / loan for stock or equipment?

Business Tips – Borrow or loan? Pay cash or finance / loan for stock or equipment?

Borrow or loan? Pay cash or finance / loan for stock or equipment?

At a local Meet-Up (www.meetup.com), we had an interesting discussion about mistakes we’ve made in business. For example: Whether to pay outright or borrow for stock/equipment.

The example one business gave was paying outright for equipment that would be sign-written to advertise another business (he organized advertising for businesses). The issue was that spending $10,000 on the equipment took all the spare money the business owner had, while the payment for the advert was monthly over a multi-year contract.

Hindsight showed that it would have been better to get a loan for the equipment, then add his mark-up for the advert and service on top of the monthly re-payments, and he would still have his $10,000 to use for cashflow and marketing.

Have you had a similar experience?

What Better Business Decisions can you share?

DOWNLOAD a FREE “Bookkeeping Quarter Checklist” to get organised! CLICK HERE

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia


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Business Tips – Growing – Low cost Marketing with a Lucrative Partner

Business Tips – Growing - Low cost Marketing with a Lucrative Partner

Business Tips – Growing – Low cost Marketing with a Lucrative Partner

Here are some great tips from Bryan Janeczko at Score.com – about finding a partner that can help grow your business.

When I was trying to get noticed after I launched NuKitchen, the online diet service, I tried just about everything to generate sales. One sure technique that I ‘discovered’- which kept a pipeline of new customers coming in the door – was a partnership with a more established business. For us, one of our first partners was Related, a large real estate holding company that owned a string of high rise apartment buildings in New York and the Equinox Fitness chain. Their clients were exactly the same type of customers we were targeting. Establishing a partnership with these folks was one of the best ways for us to get noticed, maintain a continuous flow of potential clients, and ultimately drive sales.

Finding established, recognized names of businesses who are also targeting your customer base, is one of the surest ways to drive your startup sales. Like Related was for me, these businesses already have a customer base that you can tap into. As a startup, however it can be tricky getting them to notice you, let alone partner with you, so I’ve identified 3 tips for landing a lucrative partner:

  1. Identify 5 partners that can drive value for you: Once you’ve identified your target customer, think about established brands in your community who are also targeting your ‘customer’. You’ll want to identify partners in complementary businesses, not necessarily businesses competing directly in your area. Be on the lookout for those potential partners with great reputations. Who would be your ideal partner? Write down the top 5 who you think could most strongly deliver your ideal customers. If you know somebody senior at the business, reach out to that contact but if not, find out who the Director of Business Development is.
  2. Create value for your partner: In order for the partner to listen to you, you’ll need to have a product or service in market (or at least a working prototype). Most businesses won’t risk their reputation if you’ve simply got an ‘idea’. This was actually that case with me when I initially approached Equinox with the NuKitchen concept. I hadn’t yet launched it so they said come back later once you’re in the market. This is exactly what I did- returned a year later as I launched NuKitchen and created a compelling offer for their gym clients. We would provide ‘free’ food tastings at each gym and provide members with a complimentary day of NuKitchen service in exchange for being able to promote our company. They were happy because their members got a valuable benefit. For your own business, what special value add or discount will you offer to your target partner for their clients? Whatever you offer, make sure that you can deliver. Remember, it’s not just your reputation but that of your established partner as well.
  3. Make implementation ‘easy’: Finally, coming up with a compelling offering is great and both parties may get excited. However, the real work is in the execution. Chances are that your Business Development contact is going to be super busy carrying out his or her daily duties. Make it easy on them and do as much of the legwork as possible. Draft an implementation schedule with proposed dates. This may require a little bit of guesswork on your part since you may not have intimate knowledge of their inner workings. My biggest piece of advice is to be flexible since things can take longer than expected or take different twists or turns.

Need help? Not sure?

Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today! 0407 361 596 Aust

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Business Finance 101 – What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

Business Finance 101 – What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

What are the key financial ratios that help you understand your business financial health

With several months of transactions recorded and bank and credit cards and loans reconciled, an important business finance task each month is use the hidden value in your bookkeeping to get key financial ratios to track how the business is going, to understand your business financial health.

To save time, use the reporting features to generate some key margins and ratios. These are like a report card for your business. The most common to monitor are –

  • Gross profit,
  • Net profit,
  • Current ratio,
  • Quick ratio and
  • Debt to equity ratio.

Use the Profit & Loss statementTip – in MYOB choose with YTD (year to date), or in Reckon/Quickbooks, modify to include the YTD. This will automatically give you a percent column that is the amount of Gross Profit or Net Profit as a percent of the total sales at the top. See our Business Profit and Loss Statement and Profit Margins post for more detail to understand more and how to calculate manually.

Then compare to your peers – Do you know what your industry Gross Margin % is?

Call us and we can give you a guide for FREE!

Use the Balance Sheet to look at the next ratios, which give an indication of the health of your business –

Current Ratio = Total Current Assets / Total Current Liabilities

This confirms whether the business has enough current assets to meet payment of its current debts (current refers to assets and liabilities that will fall due within 12 months). It includes inventory value, as this will be turned over in less than 12 months.

Quick Ratio (Acid Test) = Cash + Receivables/Debtors / Total Current Liabilities

This is like current assets without inventory which can take time to sell if a fire sale is needed, and is mostly the liquid assets. The higher the amount the more “Stable” the business is. That is, the higher it is, the longer the company can stay afloat.

Debt to Equity = Debt/Equity

Divide the amount of debt usually total liabilities) by the equity (owner’s or shareholder’s). the lower the better, but some debt can help you grow and is called leverage – debt can be beneficial, but it must be manageable – higher than 1 can be a warning to keep a close eye and manage the debt carefully. See more

The key is to see that huge value lies in your bookkeeping records! The books are and asset not a liability or expense – they are an invaluable source, so use your bookkeeping to get key financial ratios to track how the business is going.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Call 0407 361 596 Aust and also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia


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MYOB Bookkeeping – MYOB running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

MYOB Bookkeeping – PC running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

Bookkeeping – MYOB running slow all of a sudden when doing the books? – Tips to speed up the PC

Have you found your MYOB is running slow all of a sudden while you are doing the books, or when you came back after a break? Here are some tips that may help –

Win10 –

In the Cortana window, type “Run”

Click the App “Run” in the list

Type “%localappdata%” > OK

Go to the MYOB folder

Go to the AR folder > 2017.1 > Cache folder

Delete all files there “Company File Cache”

Close the window

Then

In the Cortana window, type “Run”

Click the App “Run” in the list

Type “CMD” > OK

At the cursor type “ipconfig /flushdns” (note there is a space after config) > Enter key

Should get a message.. successfully…

Close the window

Then

Restart your PC

Win7

Click the Windows button, lower left corner

In the search box, type “Run”, and continue as above

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Call and you also get for FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia