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Business Tips – Rise in revenue and business health – Businesses used their accountant as a business advisor

Business Tips - Rise in revenue and business health - Businesses used their accountant as a business advisor

Rise in revenue and business health – Businesses used their accountant as a business advisor

Rose Powell reports in SMEs can make better use of their accountant to boost their bottom line “For the third of business owners who worked with an accountant as an advisor, one in five (21%) saw a rise in their revenue over the last year.” Rose also wrote – “Small business operators who used their accountant as a business advisor last year were 31% more likely to see an earning uplift, according to new research from the 2013 MYOB Business Monitor.

The vast majority of the 1005 business owners surveyed, 89% used an accountant last year.

Only 32% of owners reported having an advisory or consultative relationship with their accountant, compared with the 57% whose relationships were for compliance only, such as tax return completion or GST reporting. Just 11% did not have an accountant…”

Adam Ferguson, general manager of the accountants division at MYOB, told StartupSmart that using an accountant as an advisor was especially valuable for start-up companies.”

“The start-up phase of a business is very different to when it’s up and running. In that phase, your accountant can help with things like creating a business plan, applying for business loans, building out your business case,” says Ferguson.

For start-ups who are already in operational phase, the increasing use of cloud accounting systems enables accountants to provide feedback and ask the right questions about compliance and cash flow.

Ferguson says cloud accounting means compliance is no longer a year-end process, and increasingly a monthly one. This makes them well placed to advise on cashflow questions.

“An accountant can play a key role in helping a start-up, reporting on cash flow on a more regular basis, and understanding the dynamics that drive cashflow,” says Ferguson.

The report found companies that worked with an accountant as an advisor were less concerned about attracting and retaining customers, and were more likely to increase their overall investment in their business strategies.

Once you’ve got your cash flow healthy, it becomes a question of how to use that and where to invest that to grow my business,” says Ferguson.

Over half, 53%, said they found their accountant advisor provided useful advice on how best to manage the money that flows through their businesses.

So talk and work with your accountant – if you need a recommendation, call us for FREE help!

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Business Tax Tips – How to do the Accounting for Barter transactions and Trade Exchanges

Business Tax Tips – How to do the Accounting for Barter transactions and Trade Exchanges

How to do the Accounting for Barter transactions and Trade Exchanges

In our previous post we explained all about how the Australian Tax Office views Barter and Trade Exchanges – in summary you have to record and report as if they were REAL money transactions.

Here is a summary of how to record in your accounts in MYOB, Xero, Reckon, Quickbooks – from the Xero support community

Set yourself up a new bank account called Bartercard – there won’t be bank feeds but you can then pay invoices from this account and also receive payments into it by completing the payment section at the bottom of an invoice. You could use a spend money to take accounts of the fees.”  Business Buddy. And further comment –

Yes simply treat Bartercard exactly the same as any other method of financing, such as a bank account or credit card account. The Bank Feed does work but at month end only and is the easiest way.
As a Chartered Accountant using Bartercard ourselves, and with lots of clients using Bartercard, it is really simple – treat Bartercard income and expenses exactly the same as cash income and expenses, pay/claim GST exactly the same, record income / profits / expenses exactly the same as if it were cash. 
So, although your transaction is similar to acquiring say a stock item for $10k and selling it for $45k, that’s a profit of $35k that would hit the P&L. However when the $T (Bartercard Trade Dollars) are spent on (say) accounting fees, stationery, cleaning etc in the business, these expenses are tax-deductible, and if all the $T is spent in the business, this ends up as tax neutral. Other than the cash saving by making these payments in $T instead of cash, that is a real cash profit the organisation has made and like any other profit, will hit the P&L positively.” Ian Malcolm.

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Business Finance 101 – How the Cash Flow Statement is Prepared

Business Finance 101 – How the Cash Flow Statement is Prepared

How the Cash Flow Statement is Prepared

 Last month we discussed what the Cash Flow Statement tells us, and here we show and example of how the Cash Flow Statement is prepared.
Three sources are used to gather information for the cash flow statement rather than from the Trail Balance –

  1. Comparative balance sheets provide the amount of the changes in assets, liabilities, and equities from the beginning to the end of the period – that is, year or period before and current period
  2. Current income statement to determine the amount of cash provided by or used by operations during the period – profit and loss prior and current
  3. Selected transaction data from the general ledger provide additional detailed information needed to determine how cash was provided or used during the period – eg asset purchase

Three steps lead to preparing the statement of cash flows from these sources

Step 1. Calculate the change in cash:
This is the difference between the beginning and the ending cash balance from the beginning and end period on the balance sheet.

Step 2. Calculate the net cash flow from operating activities:
This procedure is complex. It involves analysing not only the current year’s income or profit & loss statement but also comparative balance sheets and selected transitions data.

Step 3. Calculate net cash flows from investing and financing activities:
All other changes in the balance sheet accounts must be analysed to determine their effects on cash.

A worked Example – Compiling the Cash Flow Statement

To illustrate a statement of cash flows we will use the first year of operations for Business Pty Ltd.

The company started on July 1, 2014, when it issued 60,000 shares of $1 value common stock for $60,000 cash.

The company rented its office space and furniture and equipment, and it performed services throughout the first half year.

The balance sheets at the beginning and at the end of the 6 months are as follows.

1 Bal Sheet Jul-Dec

The Profit & Loss or Income statement and additional information for Business Pty Ltd are –

Business Pty Ltd
Profit & Loss Statement
For the period ended December 31, 2014

2 Profit and Loss

Step 1. Calculate the change in cash:
The company has no cash on hand at the beginning of the period, but $49,000 at the end of 2014. This is an increase of $49,000

Step 2. Calculate the net cash flow from operating activities:
First the net profit/income must be converted. Under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), most companies must use the ACCRUAL basis of accounting, requiring revenues be reported when earned/invoiced and that expenses be recorded when incurred/authorised. Net income can also include credit sales that have not been collected in cash and expenses incurred that have not have been paid in cash. Thus, under the accrual basis of accounting, net income will not indicate the net cash flow from operating activities.

To calculate net cash flow from operating activities, it is necessary to report revenue and expenses on cash basis and can be calculated via either a direct method or an indirect method

1. Direct Method: (also called the income statement method) –

Business Pty Ltd shows sales/revenues of $125,000. However, because the company’s accounts receivable increased during 2003 by $36,000, only $89,000 ($125,000 − $36,000) in ACTUAL cash was collected on these revenues.

The company also shows operating expenses of $85,000, but accounts payable increased during the period by $5,000. Assuming that payables related to operating expenses, the ACTUAL cash operating expenses were $80,000 ($85,000 − $5,000).

Because no taxes payable exist at the end of the year on the Balance Sheet, the $6,000 income tax expense must have been paid in cash during the year. Then the computation of net cash flow from operating activities is as follows:

3 net cash flow(1)

“Net cash provided by operating activities” is equivalent of cash-basis net income or the CASH Profit & Loss.

2. Indirect Method: (or reconciliation method) –

starts with Net Profit/income and converts it to net cash.

Increase in Accounts Receivable―Indirect Method:
If accounts receivable increase during the year, revenues on an accrual basis are higher than on a cash basis because goods sold on account are reported as revenues. In other words, operations for the period led to increased revenues, but not all of these revenues resulted in actual cash, but appear as an increase in accounts receivable. Therefore the increase of $36,000 in accounts payable must be deducted from net income.

Increase in Accounts Payable―Indirect Method:
If accounts payable increase during the period, expenses on an accrual basis are higher than they are on a cash basis because expenses are incurred for which payment has not taken place yet. Therefore the increase of $5,000 in accounts payable must be added back to net income.

As a result of the accounts receivable and accounts payable adjustments, net cash provided by operating activities is determined to be $3,000 for the year 2003. This calculation is shown as follows.

4 ar and ap cash flow(1)

Observe that net cash provided by operating activities is the same whether the direct or indirect method is used.

Step 3: Calculate Net Cash Flows from Investing and Financing Activities:
Finally, we need to determine whether any other changes in balance sheet accounts caused an increase or decrease in cash.

For example, an examination of the remaining balance sheet accounts shows that both common shares and retained earnings have increased. The common shares increase of $60,000 resulted from the issuing of common shares for cash. This is a receipt of cash from a financing activity and is reported as that in the statement of cash flows. The retained earnings increase of $20,000 is caused by two items:

  1. Net income of $34,000 increased retained earnings, less
  2. Dividend declared of $14,000 decreased retained earnings.

Net income has been converted into net cash flows from operating activities, as explained earlier. The additional data indicates that the dividend was paid. Thus, the dividend payment on common stock is reported as cash outflow, and classified as financing activity.

We are now ready to prepare the statement of cash flows. We start with the operating activities section. Either the direct or indirect method may be used to report net cash flow from operating activates.

The statement of cash flows under indirect method for Tax Consultation Inc. is as follows.

Business Pty Ltd
cash flow statement-Indirect Method
For the period end 31 Dec 2014

5 Net Cashflow Stmt(1)

As shown, the $60,000 increase in common shares results in a cash inflow from a financing activity. The payment of $14,000 in cash dividends is classified as a use of cash from a financing activity. By coincidence in this example, the $49,000 increase in cash reported in the statement of cash flows agrees with the increase of $49,000 shown as the change in the cash account in the balance sheet.

What are your thoughts?

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Cashflow Tips – Handle your business growth plan carefully to avoid disaster!

Cashflow Tips - Handle your business growth plan carefully to avoid disaster!

Cashflow Tips – Handle your business growth plan carefully to avoid disaster!

For many, your business growth plan will solve most business problems.

But growth can also be a disaster for a business if not handled well – and here are some common miss-beliefs.

  1. Build it and it will sell itself – Many new ideas come to entrepreneurs all the time – but not everything succeeds for outside and internal reasons – no real demand, lack or poorly-prepared marketing plan (often a weak spot for small business owners), lack of financial budget plan.
  2. I can/will do it all – Common error to fall into the “if it’s to be done no-one does as it well as I do it” trap. Yes in the early days you have to do most yourself – but document the method that you find works best, then teach someone else to do it so you can move on to other things. A good explanation is found in “The E Myth” by Michael Gerber. Paint a clear picture of what the future business will look like/become, write out the Organisation chart of the key roles of the organisation and job descriptions, find/create the systems required to make the business efficient, and get employment/HR help as it is a whole new mine-field of managing people and financial responsibility!
  3. Bigger is better When owners work on business growth, they often focus on sales, but a look at industry benchmarks often reveals that businesses in higher sales brackets aren’t always the most profitable.  Often, businesses with modest turnover can achieve better profits, where-as too often, as a business grows, overheads can get out of hand and the extra sales get eaten up then profit falls.  So sales and marketing plans are very important – and testing and measuring as you go is paramount – set budgets and create reports at least monthly to track how you are going.
  4. Growth solves Cashflow problems Nothing just happens without careful measuring and managing carefully!!! Ensure the budget is created as already mentioned, know your margins (Gross Profit, Net Profit as minimum). See if there are supplier discounts with larger purchasing volumes, and importantly, if you sell on account instead of retail, keep monitoring debtor days and don’t get slack on customers taking their time to pay!

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia