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Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Business Tax Tips / Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Business Tax Tips / Bookkeeping – Motor Vehicle Assets – How to set up cars in accounting records

Client emailedOur Company bought 2 cars  –

  • Holden Cruze for $16,700.00 includes GST/stamp duty/transfer fee          
  • Barina for $12,888.00

We traded in the company car – Holden Commodore for $3000 and the wife’s car for $1500. Daniel has not claimed the $1500 but gave it to the business.

Now both ’new’ cars belong to the company.

Invoice for Holden Cruze is $16,700.00

The $4,500 trade in was netted out of the purchase of the Barina so the invoice is

($12,888- $4,500) $8,388.00 net.

We have in our accounts:-

MV @ cost                             18539.37

MV Accum Depn                  15412.00

Please advise. Thank you.

How to EnterTo keep things simple, we need to set up some new accounts (“NA”) for each motor vehicle, and new accounts for the loans on each car – it is then easiest to leave the final reconciliation and adjustments to your accountant year end.

I assume the 2 MV accounts are only for the Commodore and no other cars. It is good practice to create new accounts for EACH vehicle so the accountant can reconcile at year end with ease!

Separate the Rego (and Insur if included in the deal) from the $16,700 (or you can leave for accountant at year end to pick up).

AKP Case Study*Is the Loan a Chattel Mortgage? – Can mention type of loan in account name as well

Monthly payments – for simplicity, allocate from bank to NA Liability MVeh Loan Fin Co Name (the new finance account).

The old car accounts – Asset MVehicle @ Cost Commodore, and the MV Accum Dep can be left for the accountant to calculate and adjust at year end, in case there are other adjustments he needs to do.

For other examples of entering MV assets in the accounts, see –

Quickbooks – How to go about setting Chattel Mortgage up and accounting for the monthly payments in Quickbooks.

Another Asset Example – How to enter assets in the books

How do I show liabilities for the total borrowed including interest, not just the principle/asset amount?

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

0407 361 596 Aust

Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia

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Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

Cashflow Tips – What is the meaning of, & what does a Cashflow Statement show?

The Cashflow Statement is also called the Statement of Cashflows, and here we explain the meaning of, and look at what the statement shows us. It is one of the 3 main financial statements that businesses report on – the other 2 are Profit & Loss, and the Balance Sheet.

The cash flow statement reports the actual cash generated and used during the time interval stated in its heading. The period of time that the statement covers is chosen by the company, for example, “For the Three Months Ended 31 December, 2015” or “The Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2016”. Most common is annual.

The cash flow statement actually uses data and the CHANGES between periods from the Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet, and organises and reports the cash generated and used in the following categories:

Operating, Investing and Financial activities

Business Cash Flow

What the Cashflow Statement shows

The profit & loss or Income Statement is prepared under the accrual basis of accounting, meaning the sales/revenues reported may not have been collected yet. Similarly, the expenses reported on the income statement might not have been paid. You could review the balance sheet changes to determine the facts, but the cash flow statement already has integrated all that information. As a result, savvy business people and investors utilize this important financial statement.

Here are a few ways the statement of cash flows is used.

  1. The cash from operating activities is compared to the company’s net income (profit/loss). If the cash from operating activities is consistently greater than the net income, the company’s net income or earnings are said to be of a “high quality“. If the cash from operating activities is less than net income, a red flag is raised as to why the reported net income is not turning into cash.
  2. Some investors believe that “cash is king”. The cash flow statement identifies the cash that is flowing in and out of the company. If a company is consistently generating more cash than it is using, the company will be able to increase its dividend, buy back some of its stock, reduce debt, or acquire another company. All of these are seen to be good for shareholder value.
  3. There are also some financial models that use the cash flow.

The statement of cash flows has four distinct sections:

  1. Cash generated from operating activities
  2. Cash generated from investing activities
  3.  Cash generated from financing activities
  4. Supplemental information.

The differences in a company’s balance sheet accounts from one period to the next, will provide much of the needed information. The changes—or differences—in the account balances will likely be entered in one of the sections of the statement of cash flows.

Of the four sections of the statement of cash flows, those balance sheet accounts which affect each section include –

1. Operating Activities

This section reports the net income and then converts it from the accrual basis to the cash basis by using the changes in the balances of current asset and current liability accounts, such as:

  • Accounts Receivable
  • Inventory
  • Prepaid Insurance
  • Other Current Assets
  • Notes Payable
  • Accounts Payable
  • Wages Payable
  • Payroll Liabilities
  • Interest Payable
  • Income Taxes Payable
  • Unearned Revenues
  • Other Current Liabilities

Note – as well as using the changes in current assets and current liabilities, the operating activities section may list adjustments for depreciation expense and for the gains and losses on the sale of long-term assets/investments.

2. Investing Activities

This section reports changes in the balances of long-term asset accounts, such as:

  • Long-term Investments
  • Land
  • Buildings
  • Equipment
  • Furniture & Fixtures
  • Vehicles

Investing activities involve the purchase and/or sale of long-term investments and property, plant, and equipment.

3. Financing Activities

This section reports changes in balances of the long-term liability and stockholders’ equity accounts, such as:

  • Notes Payable (generally due after one year)
  • Bonds Payable
  • Deferred Income Taxes
  • Preferred Stock
  • Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par-Preferred Stock
  • Common Stock
  • Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par-Common Stock
  • Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock
  • Retained Earnings
  • Treasury Stock

Financing activities involve the issuance and/or the repurchase of a company’s own bonds or shares as well as short-term and long-term borrowings and repayments.

4. Supplemental Information

This section of the cash flow statement reports the amount of interest and income taxes paid as well as significant exchanges not involving cash. For example, the exchange of company shares for company bonds would be reported here.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

Call and you also get FREE “Avoid these GST mistakes” – There’s 18 that the Tax Office see regularly – Get them right!

Email info@accountkeepingplus.com.au or call 0407 361 596 Australia