Time to plan for a good finish for EOFY and here are 14 tips to get started and prepare for 30 June.
1. Consider the ideal timing for asset sales
If you are thinking of selling a profitable asset this financial year, but are likely to earn a lower income in the next year, it may be worth postponing the sale until after 30 June; however, if you expect an income windfall or higher from 1 July, it may be worth bringing the sale forward. As always, your decisions depends on your expectations for future asset prices, so don’t postpone a sale for tax purposes if you are expecting your investment to fall in value! Ask your Tax advisor.
2. Delay sales invoicing if in profit
Most businesses are taxed on income when it is invoiced (accrual). Some small businesses may be taxed only when income is received (cash basis). Income from construction contracts is generally taxed when progress payments are invoiced or received. If you are making a good profit (which is good if you want to sell) and want to reduce business tax, it may help to delay invoicing the June work until July, after 30 June – talk to your tax advisor for your situation.
3. Accounts receivable – write off by 30 June
If you have clients that have closed or all manner of collection has failed – sometimes it is best to move on and write off. Keep looking for better clients!
4. Spouse and family wages
Paying family must be reasonable and legitimate for work performed.
5. Super liabilities
Employer and/or self-employed superannuation contributions must be paid to, and received by, the super fund before 30 June and must be within the contributions cap ($35,000 for individuals aged 49 or over on 30 June 2016, otherwise $30,000)
6. Depreciation – Accelerated Write off – up to $20,000
The accelerated depreciation write-off for assets up to $20,000 acquired by small businesses was announced in the May 2015 budget and is available to June 30, 2017. The write off threshold was previously $1,000 and the concession only applies to businesses in 2016/17 with an aggregate annual turnover of less than $2 million. As a boost for small businesses, the Government will extend access to a number of small business tax concessions by increasing the annual turnover eligibility threshold from $2m to $10m. These measures will apply from July 1, 2016.
7. Pre-pay income protection premiums
If you are a self-employed director or self-employed, income protection insurance provides peace of mind about the security of your income in the event you are unable to work due to illness or injury. Premiums for this insurance are generally tax deductible; prepaying your annual premium prior to 30 June will allow you to claim a full year of cover in advance as a tax deduction.
8. Get a super top up from the government
If you earn $35,454 – $51,021 pa, of which at least 10% is from employment or a business, and make a personal after-tax super contribution, you could qualify for a Government co-contribution of up to $500.
9. Boost your partner’s super and reduce your tax
If you have a spouse who earns less than $10,800 pa, consider making an after-tax super contribution on their behalf, and you could receive a tax offset of up to $540.
10. Use super to manage capital gains tax
If you make a capital gain on the sale of an asset this financial year and earn less than 10% of your income from eligible employment, you may be able to claim a tax deduction for a contribution to superannuation, which could reduce or offset your capital gain. You will need to be eligible to contribute to superannuation (which means you are under the age of 65, or under 75 and meeting the work test (2017 now abolished), and be comfortable having your contribution preserved in super until you meet a condition of release (eg retirement decision).
11. Make tax deductible super contributions
If you earn less than 10% of your income from eligible employment (eg you are self-employed or not employed), you are generally able to claim a tax deduction for personal contributions to superannuation. As with super, you will need to be eligible to contribute to superannuation (which means you are under the age of 65, or under 75 and meeting the work test), and be comfortable having your contribution preserved in super until you meet a condition of release (eg retirement). If you claim a deduction for it, the contribution you make will be taxed at 15% in your super fund, so your tax saving will be the difference between your marginal rate and 15% – which could be up to 34%.
12. Review your portfolio
Review your portfolio and consider a strategic re-allocation of your investments. Consider portfolio allocations – is your portfolio heavily over- or underweight in specific industry sectors or stocks? Are you continuing to carry stocks that have exceeded your price targets or continue to under-perform – this may be an opportunity to re-balance. If you have an SMSF, now is the time to ensure your fund is invested in line with your documented investment strategy – your auditor will be confirming this after 1 July.
13. Offset capital gains with capital losses
Generally, if you have incurred capital losses on your investments, you are able to offset these capital losses against any capital gains you have made. You can also use losses you have carried forward from previous years. Remember, income losses can only be offset against income; capital losses can only be offset against capital gains.
14. Best tip of all
Get advice specific to your business and situation that considers your personal position – both go together!
If you need a referral, call me – 0407 361 596 – plan NOW don’t delay!
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