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Business Finance 101 – Current Ratio – What does this financial ratio show?

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Current Ratio – What does this financial ratio show?

Current Ratio – What does this financial ratio show?

There are several financial ratios including the current ratio which show the proportion of current assets to current liabilities. The current ratio is known an indicator of a company’s liquidity. Put in another way, it shows when there is a large amount of current assets in relationship to a small amount of current liabilities there is some assurance that the obligations coming due will be paid.

As an example if a company’s current assets amount to $500,000 and its current liabilities are $250,000 the current ratio is 2:1. If the current assets are $600,000 and the current liabilities are $500,000 the current ratio is 1.2:1. Clearly a larger current ratio is better than a smaller ratio. Some people feel that a current ratio that is less than 1:1 indicates insolvency, and the preference is at least 2:1, or over 2.

When benchmarking a company, or comparing your own, it is wise to compare a company’s current ratio to those in the same industry. It is also worth keeping a close look at the trend of the current ratio for a given company over time. Is the current ratio improving over time, or is it deteriorating?

The composition of the current assets is also an important factor. If the current assets are predominantly in cash, marketable securities, and accounts receivable, that is more valuable than having the majority of the current assets in slow-moving inventory.

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Author: accountkeepingplus

Administration, bookkeeping and compliance for small business, and Self-Managed Super Funds (SMSF) Training, trouble-shooting, or we can do the books and payroll for you! Self Managed Superannuation Fund Service Provider, Free support MYOB Certified Consultant, Reckon/QuickBooks Professional Partner.

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