Business Finance 101 – What Are The Accounting Principles?

Business Finance 101 – What are The Accounting Principles?
Business Finance 101
What are The Accounting Principles?

There are general rules and concepts that apply in the field of accounting. These are referred to as basic accounting principles and guidelines and are the groundwork on which more detailed, complicated, and legalistic accounting rules are based. In Australia, the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) uses the basic accounting principles and guidelines as a basis for their own detailed and comprehensive set of accounting rules and standards.

There is a phrase Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” (or “GAAP”) which consist of three important sets of rules: (1) Basic accounting principles and guidelines; (2) Detailed rules and standards issued by AASB; and (3) The generally accepted industry practices.

When a company distributes its financial statements to the public, it is required to follow generally accepted accounting principles in the preparation of those statements. Further, if a company’s shares are publicly traded, federal law requires the company’s financial statements be audited by independent public accountants. Both the company’s management and the independent accountants must certify that the financial statements and the related notes to the financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP.

GAAP is useful because it attempts to standardize and regulate accounting definitions, assumptions and methods. Because of generally accepted accounting principles we are able to assume that there is consistency from year to year in the methods used to prepare a company’s financial statements. And although variations may exist, we can make reasonably confident conclusions when comparing one company to another, or comparing one company’s financial statistics to the statistics for its industry. Over the years the generally accepted accounting principles have become more complex because financial transactions have become more complex.

The Accounting Standards are spilt into various categories eg “Statement of Cashflows”, “Construction Contracts”, etc and a list with most recent updates/ pronouncements for Australia can be found HERE.

Need help? Not sure? Call for FREE 30min advice / strategy session today!

1 thought on “Business Finance 101 – What Are The Accounting Principles?

  1. Thanks for highlighting some useful points for accounting.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close